Sunday, March 25, 2018

Greenhouse Gas and Carbon Emission Reduction Goals: The Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) Worldwide


The Paris Climate Accord includes every county in the world minus the US (subject to a future reversal of the withdrawal from the pact), now that Syria and Nicaragua have both signed. Unfortunately, the Trump Administration seems to have little concern for the environment. All commitments made by the Obama Administration for the Paris Climate Accord are null and void now that toxic Trump backed out of the international agreement, which now includes every single nation on the planet (except the US, which has withdrawn). It is now up to individual US states, like New York and California (2 standouts in setting, and achieving climate goals), to lead the way since the federal government is out

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) were initially laid out during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris in December of 2015. Most countries that signed the UNFCCC limitations of greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) set their reduction goals based on a target and baseline year, and timeline within a global objective.

The basic global objective of the Paris agreement is to limit global temperature rise to 2°C by the end of the century, for the entire planet 🌍. A more ambitious, and effective, goal is to limit temperature rise to 1.5°C by the end of the century.

Some of the main targets set during the conference included the following:
1. China set one of the most ambitious goals, to have a 60-65% reduction of GHGs by 2030 based on 2005 levels.
2. US states, like CA and NY (the most ambitious of the largest states), along with at least 20 others, are sticking to the stated goal (with varying degrees of ambition depending on the state) of the US in the Paris Climate Accord of a 26-28% GHG  reduction overall by 2025-2050 based on levels that vary from 1990 to 2005 as baseline years. (2025 to 2050 is the target year for the stated GHG% reduction goal depending on the state- see link to interactive map for US states’ individual GHG reduction goals below).  US federal government under Trump is out.
3. Europe (the EU) stated a 40% GHG reduction based on their 1990 levels by 2030.
4. India stated a continual GHG emission reduction based on units of GDP.
5. Australia pleged a 26-28% reduction from 2005 levels by 2030, with a 50-52% per capita reduction as well.
6. Canada has a goal of reducing 130 megatons of GHGs by 2020, of which they are already at 28% as of 2017. An additional goal of being 30% below 2005 emission rates by 2030 was set as well.

Many countries are having difficulties keeping pace with their stated Paris climate goals, at this point: /world-emissions-goals-far-off-course.html

Many US states are still 100% committed to the commitments made in 2015 in Paris. US states that are on the Eastern and Western coasts, where the greatest access to renewable energy resources exists for homes and businesses, have made the biggest GHG reduction commitments. 

The target year as distant as 2050 exists for some of the less ambitious states, however many states are following the more climate-friendly leads set by states like California and New York. Many states setting a goal of over 25% reduction for carbon and GHG emission rates by as early as 2025, compared to 1990 levels. At least 14 US states have stayed on track to meet the Paris climate goals, despite the withdrawl of the country from the agreement. (states-paris-trump-climate-change-alliance-leadership-jerry-brown-cuomo-inslee-nrdc-2050)

Written by Sara McIntosh

Sara McIntosh is a freelance writer and editor who has been working in the web field for approximately 11 years now. With a degree in English, Sara has been writing about many different industries and topics, including sustainability for Greenergy Eco Villages in 2017. Sara has done work in blogs, articles, and copywriting.

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